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Research Topics

Patriarchal Era

Archaeological and historical articles dealing with the validity and reliability of the Patriarchal narratives found in Genesis, chapters 10-50.

CLICK HERE FOR LIST OF ALL THE ARTICLES IN THIS CATEGORY

Steven Collins maintains that Tall el-Hammam, ca. 8 mi (13 km) northeast of the Dead Sea, should be identified as Sodom based on four criteria: geography, chronology, stratigraphy and architecture (2007). We will examine his arguments in each of those four areas.

When Jacob and his family migrated to Egypt, they were settled in 'the land of Rameses.' The Bible tells us, in fact, that they became property owners there (Gn 47:11, 27). During their time in Egypt, the Israelites were used as slave laborers to build the city of Rameses (Ex 1:11), and when they left after 430 years (Ex 12:40), they departed from Rameses (Ex 12:37). From these references, we can conclude that the Israelites spent the years of the Egyptian Sojourn in and around Rameses...

There has been a division among scholars as to whether the sojourn of the Israelites in Egypt was 215 (or 210) years long, or 430 years long. Although, along with Genesis 15:13-21, Exodus 12:40 is our primary source, evidences other than the variants of the ancient translations of the Scriptures are needed in order to reach a decision with respect to whether the long chronology or the short one for the Israelite sojourn in Egypt is to be preferred.

The genealogical tables or other records in the book of Genesis which are either introduced or concluded with 'These are the generations...' (or similar words) have provided material for many studies. Professor DeWitt, formerly of the Department of Bible in Grace Bible College, Grand Rapids, Michigan, took a look at them in 1976 in the light of recent Near Eastern discovery and scholarly assessment. Though this article is 35 years old, it is still useful for study on this subject today.

The Lord, in His permissive will, allowed Satan to afflict 'a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job, and the man was blameless and upright, and one who feared God and shunned evil' (Job 1:1, all Scripture quotes from the New King James Bible).

The Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project is a joint scientific project between Trinity Southwest University's College of Archaeology & Biblical History and the Department of Antiquities of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. TeHEP is a multi-year study focusing on the relationship of this immense and strategically-located site within its ancient socio-cultural, economic and political context.

We do not know how many years Joseph served as Egypt's Vizier (Prime Minister). It is very interesting that he evidently held two key titles, Vizier and Chief Steward of the King. This is relatively unusual in Egyptian history...

The specific Egyptian titles granted to Joseph by Pharaoh have been discussed at great length by modern scholars. The key verse is Genesis 45:8, which mentions three titles held by Joseph. The Hebrew text of course does not give the Egyptian form of these three titles. Hence, years of scholarly debate have arisen over the exact Egyptian renditions of the Hebrew words or phrases.

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ABRT 24 | 4/13/2019