Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed the lost city of So’oud Atun (Ascension of Atun or Rise of Aten) just south of Luxor. The city was founded by Amenhotep III, who reigned in the 14th century BC, as evidenced by the presence of his cartouche all around the city – on wine vessels, rings, scarabs, pottery, and on mudbricks. Historical documents testify that this city was the location of Amenhotep III’s three royal palaces, as well as his administrative center. The team that made the discovery was actually searching for Tutankhamun’s mortuary temple, which they believed to be in the area, when they began unearthing the remains of an entire city. Complete streets lined with houses, some with walls up to 10 feet (3 meters) high, have been discovered filled with everyday items. Several sections of the city have been excavated over the past seven months, including a residential district, a bakery, and a mudbrick production facility. The discovery of the lost city will provide scholars with information about the everyday lives of Egyptians in antiquity, as well as shed light on why Amenhotep III’s son, Akhenaten, moved his administration from So’oud Atun to Amarna.
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