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A Polish and Italian archaeological team has discovered a 4,500-year-old temple where Egyptians once worshiped the sun-god Ra. Excavations at Abu Ghurab, a site located 12 miles (20 km) south of Cairo, ran from 2019 to 2022. During this time the excavators unearthed a large structure constructed of mud bricks and measuring approximately 197 feet long and 66 feet wide (60 m by 20 m). The original temple was ritually dismantled, and a new sun temple was rebuilt from stone by Pharaoh Nyuserre (ca. 2420–2389 BC). The sun god, Ra, later merged with Amun, the chief god of Thebes (Luxor), forming Amun-Ra, who was considered by many in ancient Egypt to be the most powerful of all Egyptian gods. Six sun temples were known to have existed. Two were previously unearthed, and some scholars believe this recent discovery is one of the four remaining sun temples. According to biblical chronology, this temple would have been built hundreds of years before Abraham ever entered Egypt (Gn 12:10).


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